16-Million-Year-Old Skull of Extinct Species of Giant Dolphin Discovered in Peru

March 28, 2024

Scientists this week unveiled a 16 million-year-old fossil skull unearthed in Peru of a river dolphin that once swam in waters that are now the Amazon, and whose closest living relative is the South Asian river dolphin in India’s Ganges River.

Fossil of 16-million-year-old giant river dolphin found in Peru - DFAA fossil of the skull of the largest dolphin in history that inhabited the Peruvian Amazon 16 million years ago and was discovered in an expedition sponsored by the National Geographic Society is exhibited at the Museum of Natural History in Lima, Peru, March 20, 2024. Picture: Reuters, Sebastian Castaneda

New Extinct Species of Giant Dolphin Discovered in Peru From a 16-Million- Year-Old Skull | Smart News| Smithsonian Magazine

SCIENTISTS this week unveiled a 16 million-year-old fossil skull unearthed in Peru of a river dolphin that once swam in waters that are now the Amazon, and whose closest living relative is the South Asian river dolphin in India’s Ganges River.

Palaeontologist Rodolfo Salas said the skull belonged to the largest dolphin known to have inhabited the waters of South America, measuring 3 to 3.5 metres long (9.8 to 11.4 feet). It was named Pebanista yacuruna after the Yacuruna, a Peruvian mythological being that lived in deep water.

“This dolphin is related to the dolphin of the Ganges river in India,” Salas said, adding the one found in Peru is much bigger than its living relatives in Asia.

The ancestors of both dolphins formerly lived in the ocean, Salas said.

“This allowed them to occupy large ocean spaces near the coasts of India and South America. These animals lived in the freshwater environments both in the Amazon and India. Sadly, they became extinct in the Amazon, but in India they survived,” Salas added.

Fossils of world's largest dolphin are discovered in Amazon - ancient  creature was more than 11 feet long when it swam the oceans over 16 million  years ago | Daily Mail Online

The study was published in the journal Science Advances.

Scientists found the fossil during a 2018 expedition sponsored by the National Geographic Society at the Napo River.

The Amazon and Orinoco river basins still are home to a species known as the Amazon river dolphin, also called the pink river dolphin or boto.