Massive Underground City Guides Us Deep Down to Ancient Times

Derinkuyu is an ancient underground city near the Nevsehir province of the Cappadocia Region in Turkey. A Turkish man accidentally discovered this incredible archaeological site in 1963 while renovating his house. Two years later, the underground city was partially open to visit.

Massive Underground City Guides Us Deep Down to Ancient TimesArchaeo – Histories

Once housing 20,000 people, Derinkuyu Underground City is the largest underground city in the world.

Massive Underground City Guides Us Deep Down to Ancient Times

Encompassing 18 stories, Derinkuyu Underground City measures approximately 85 meters in depth. The city consists of such sections as stables, cellars, dungeons, dining halls, churches, and stum shops. There is even a missionary school on the 2nd floor. The city was ventilated through more than 15,000 shafts that reached the very bottom of the city. The 55-meter-deep ventilation shaft connected to the surface also functioned as a water well. The upper levels contained the sleeping areas due to better ventilation while the lower levels mostly contained storage rooms. Today, only 10% of the underground city of Derinkuyu is open to visit.

Massive Underground City Guides Us Deep Down to Ancient Timeszynl_ozturk

Inside the underground city, it is highly difficult for two people to walk side by side due to the narrowness of corridors and floors. The main reason is probably the necessity to close the connection roads in case of a raid in a short period of time. Therefore, the engineers of Derinkuyu developed a defense system consisting of round bolt stones that were immovable from the outside.

Massive Underground City Guides Us Deep Down to Ancient Timeszynl_ozturk

There is little historical record about the origins of Derinkuyu. According to some archaeologists, the oldest part of the complex was built around 2000 BC by the Hittites, then by the Phrygians around 700 BC. Later, the city probably changed hands from the Phrygians to the Persians, and then to the Christians during the first centuries AD. Finally, the city was abandoned in the 1920s by the Cappadocian Greeks as a result of the Greco-Turkish war.

Massive Underground City Guides Us Deep Down to Ancient TimesA heavy disk-shaped door provided security during raids. Image credit: zynl_ozturkMassive Underground City Guides Us Deep Down to Ancient TimesCappadocia is a region in central Anatolia, Turkey. Image credit: agrippa907thMassive Underground City Guides Us Deep Down to Ancient TimeshistoryunrealMassive Underground City Guides Us Deep Down to Ancient Times Massive Underground City Guides Us Deep Down to Ancient Timeshannah_reese_1Massive Underground City Guides Us Deep Down to Ancient Timesfederica_cerutiMassive Underground City Guides Us Deep Down to Ancient Timesfederica_cerutiMassive Underground City Guides Us Deep Down to Ancient TimesMain ventilation shaft and well.Massive Underground City Guides Us Deep Down to Ancient TimesMassive Underground City Guides Us Deep Down to Ancient Timesfederica_ceruti