This is a 5,000-year-old Crystal dagger discovered in a megalithic tomb in present-day Spain

Kane Khanh | Archeaology
May 6, 2024

Ancient tools that once belonged to prehistoric civilizations have been found all over the world, but a discovery in Spain is unlike those traditionally made of stone or flint.

Có thể là hình ảnh về dao

A team excavating the megalithic tomb of Montelirio tholos in 2007 through 2010 uncovered a dagger formed from rock crystal that experts say is the ‘most technically sophisticated’ ever to be uncovered in Prehistoric Iberia and would have taken enormous skill to carve.

The artifact, which is about 5,000 years old, is nearly 8.5 inches long and was found along with 10 arrowheads, four blades and a core for making weapons, all of which were rock crystal.

The weapon’s final resting place is far from crystal mines, which suggests they once belonged to an elite individual who paid a hefty price to have the materials sourced and shaped.

Researchers also speculate that rock crystal during this time may have had a symbolic significance and such societies used it for vitality, magical powers and connections with ancestors.

A team excavating the megalithic tomb of Montelirio tholos in 2007 through 2010 uncovered a dagger formed from rock crystal that experts say is the ‘most technically sophisticated’ ever to be uncovered in Prehistoric Iberia and would have taken enormous skill to carve

‘They probably represent funerary paraphernalia only accessible to the elite of this time-period,’ reads the study published in the journal Quaternary International.

‘The association of the dagger blade to a handle made of ivory, also a non-local raw material that must have been of great value, strongly suggests the high-ranking status of the people making use of such objects.’

The excavation in southwester Spain was a collaboration of researchers from the University of Granada, the University of Seville and the Spanish Higher Research Council.

The teams worked at the site from 2007 through 2010, and published their findings in 2015 that details the trove of crystal weapons.

Một nhóm khai quật ngôi mộ cự thạch Montelirio tholos từ năm 2007 đến năm 2010 đã phát hiện ra một con dao găm được hình thành từ tinh thể đá mà các chuyên gia cho rằng là 'loại kỹ thuật phức tạp nhất' từng được phát hiện ở Iberia thời tiền sử và cần phải có kỹ năng rất lớn mới có thể khắc được.

The stunning dagger was designed to fit an ivory handle (pictured). Experts say it probably belonged to a person of wealth, as the materials were available in places far from this part of Spain

The weapon’s face was polished, which may have been done to avoid fractures or accidents while constructing the shape. Due to the dagger’s size, researchers speculate it was taken from a monocrystal at least eight inches long and two inches thick,

The tomb is located in the lower Guadalquivir valley that sits within the metropolitan area of Seville – the settlement is called ‘Valencina de la Concepcion Castilleja de Guzman.’

Con dao găm tuyệt đẹp được thiết kế để vừa với tay cầm bằng ngà voi (ảnh). Các chuyên gia cho rằng nó có thể thuộc về một người giàu có vì vật liệu này có sẵn ở những nơi xa vùng này của Tây Ban Nha.

Valencina is revered as the most significant site from Copper Age Iberia and is also the largest.

Researchers uncovered rock crystals in eight different sectors of the massive 143-foot long structure that features a 128-foot long corridor leading to a main chamber that is more than 15 feet in diameter.

Although rock crystals were found throughout the site, the most sophisticated items – arrow heads and dagger blade – were uncovered in the southern sector.

Mặt của vũ khí được đánh bóng, có thể được thực hiện để tránh gãy xương hoặc tai nạn khi tạo hình. Do kích thước của con dao găm, các nhà nghiên cứu suy đoán nó được lấy từ một tinh thể đơn dài ít nhất 8 inch và dày 2 inch,

Researchers uncovered rock crystals in eight different sectors of the massive 143-foot long structure that features a 128-foot long corridor leading to a main chamber that is more than 15 feet in diameter

Rock crystal arrowheads were also found in the tomb. The arrow heads, 16 in total, were made by pressure-knapping, which is a process that involves removing narrow flakes from along the edge of the stone

Một lõi để chế tạo vũ khí cũng được tìm thấy trong ngôi mộ. Cùng với vũ khí, ngôi mộ chứa hài cốt của 25 cá nhân cùng với một số phụ nữ và một người đàn ông được cho là đã chết do bị đầu độc.

Researchers say the arrowheads mimic the look of flint arrowheads, but note greater skill was required to forge such items from crystal

The stunning dagger blade was discovered in the south region of the inner chamber and is rarely found among in Late Neolithic and Copper age burials.

‘The manufacture of the rock crystal dagger must have been based on an accumulation of transmitted empirical knowledge and skill taken from the production of flint dagger blades as well from know-how of rock-crystal smaller foliaceous bifacial objects, reads the study.

The weapon’s face was polished, which may have been done to avoid fractures or accidents while constructing the shape.

Due to the dagger’s size, researchers speculate it was taken from a monocrystal at least eight inches long and two inches thick, and was designed to fit with an ivory handle.

A core for making weapons was also found in the tomb. Along with the weapons, the tomb held the remains of 25 individuals with several woman and one man that are believed to have died due to poisoning

The arrow heads, 16 in total, were made by pressure-knapping, which is a process that involves removing narrow flakes from along the edge of the stone.

Researchers say they mimic the look of flint arrowheads, but note greater skill was required to forge such items from crystal.

Along with the weapons, the tomb held the remains of 25 individuals with several woman and one man that are believed to have died due to poisoning.

The remains were scattered throughout the site, along with grave goods including elephant tusks, jewelry, pots and one ostrich egg was also found.