Sacsayhuamán Fortress: The Largest Structure Built by the Incas. Ancient Technology? Could Ancient Cultures Soften Stone?

February 20, 2024

Sacsayhuamán fortress was the largest structure built by the Incas.

Sacsayhuamán Fortress: The Largest Structure Built by the Incas | themindcircle - DAILY NEWS

Sacsayhuamán Fortress: The Largest Structure Built by the Incas | themindcircle - DAILY NEWS

In order to create such smooth megaliths, the Incas only used harder stones and bronze tools. They also used ropes, logs, levers, and earthen ramps to move these massive stone blocks. Although experimental archaeology proved that shaping these stones is quicker than one may thought, it still must have taken the Incas several months to complete a wall.

Sacsayhuamán Fortress: The Largest Structure Built by the Incas | themindcircle - DAILY NEWS

Sacsayhuamán Fortress: The Largest Structure Built by the Incas | themindcircle - DAILY NEWS

The Incas also took earthquakes into consideration by interlocking the stone blocks and constructing the walls with a certain slope. Therefore, the fortress complex got little damage from the earthquakes of the last 500 years.

Sacsayhuamán Fortress: The Largest Structure Built by the Incas | themindcircle - DAILY NEWS

As for its design, the complex has three terraces with zigzag walls, stretching over 540 meters and reaching 18 meters in height. The walls’ form actually mimics the form of the mountain range stretching at the horizon behind the fortress.

Sacsayhuamán Fortress: The Largest Structure Built by the Incas | themindcircle - DAILY NEWS

It is because the Incan architects paid special attention to integrating the structure with the surrounding landscape. On the sliding part of the fortress hill, there were more terraces, outbuildings, and a water supply system consisting of cisterns and aqueducts. Finally, there was a platform over the hill that could be a temple, probably dedicated to the earth goddess Pachamama, or an area for astronomical observations.

Sacsayhuamán Fortress: The Largest Structure Built by the Incas | themindcircle - DAILY NEWS

Sacsayhuamán Fortress: The Largest Structure Built by the Incas | themindcircle - DAILY NEWS

Sacsayhuamán Fortress: The Largest Structure Built by the Incas | themindcircle - DAILY NEWS