The only existing wonder of the ancient world
My first trip to the Pyramid of Giza visit is a hazy blob in my memory and all I remember are aggressive touts, Bedouins offering camel rides, and pesky local children harassing the visitors. One of the seven wonders of the ancient world and the only one to be left standing, the Pyramid of Cheops is also known as the Pyramid of Giza or the Pyramids of Khufu. Built around 2570 BC, the Pyramid of Giza was commissioned by Pharaoh Khufu or Cheops and it was the tallest man-made structure in the world for more than 3,800 years. Originally standing at a height of 146 meters, years of wind erosion has reduced it by 9 meters and much of its exterior Tura limestone casing has come off. It still remains breathtakingly impressive and despite the chaos that surrounds it, the Pyramid of Khufu never fails to deliver awestruck moments. Located in the middle of the sandy Giza plateau, in the outskirts of Cairo, the Pyramids of Cheops are accessible either by the popular Pyramid road or the Nazlet as Samaan, also known as the Sphinx village.
The reality shocks of visiting the Pyramids of Giza
I reached there via Pyramid Road very early in the morning and found it to be already crowded with tourists. There were too many people, something which I, owing to my ignorance, did not envision about the Pyramids of Giza and thick flies buzzed on masses of camel poop. The atmosphere around the pyramids was a bit smelly, noisy and chaotic, yet the majestic aura of the pyramid overpowered them all. My first impression of the pyramids of Giza was one of disbelief and its somber appearance made my jaw drop. No amount of photos, documentaries and information can ever possibly prepare oneself for the magnitude of the pyramid’s grandeur and the effect of its simple symmetry is powerful. That morning, it stood in front of me, like a giant perfect triangle, which was most becoming in its pure, unadorned elemental structure. Strangely, it was the same simplicity of symmetry that held impenetrable secrets inside its bosom and the Pyramid of Cheops was a timeless favourite of archaeological studies, speculations, and treasure hunters.
Climbing inside the Great Pyramid
Constructed by a large number of highly organized skilled labour, the Great Pyramid was an astounding mathematical positioning of approximately 2.3 million granite blocks and the entire project took 10 to 20 years for completion. Many mysteries surround the structure and the most stupefying ones revolve around its blocked internal passageways. The interior of the pyramid, in sharp contrast to its magnum opus sized exterior, is quite plain and its three burial chambers are dedicated to the king himself. Many mystery shafts crisscross the depths of the structure and most of them are found to be sealed or blocked. Upon penetration, these shafts lead to more blocked passageways and a few reveal secret chambers that opened to mysterious sealed off pathways or remnants of already looted treasures. As a part of my first pyramids of Giza exploration, I had climbed inside the fantastic pyramid of Khufu and it was a tough, uphill task especially since I am claustrophobic. Because of the permanent sealing of the official gate, visitors enter it through a hole, hacked on the north face by a 9th century AD treasure hunter and crouching passageways leads one to the heart of the pyramid inside the Pharaoh’s burial chamber. The interior of the pyramid was very bland compared to its impressive exterior and I am unsure if the experience is worth tackling the lack of adequate oxygen and narrow steep shafts of the climb. Most disturbing was the thought of the tremendous amount of stones that were skillfully piled on top of me and I was happy to be out in the open again.
Enjoy the Sphinx and the panorama point
In my opinion, the pyramids of Giza are best enjoyed from the outside and it is a great spot for taking in the archaeological wonder. While not as vast or elaborate as the Valley of Kings, the Pyramids of Giza complex contained several other pyramids, celebratory boat pits, a mortuary temple for embalming of the bodies, causeway, temple, and smattering of smaller flat-topped tombs of insignificant royal family members and significant courtiers. The trio of pyramids of Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure is the unrivaled centerpiece of the complex and beyond the royal boundary wall, ruins of an artisan’s village were found. Then there is the enigmatic Sphinx that is believed to be the guardian of the pyramids of Giza. It sits gazing at a distance with its back towards the legendary monument and is more impressive in reality than in pictures. Supposedly carved out of a single outcrop of soft limestone, the Sphinx, according to Egyptologists, was once sheathed in a casing of harder stone and the half lion half man’s body rendered it a guardian deity’s status. It is widely believed that the idea of shaping the limestone outcrop into a Sphinx originated from Pharaoh Khufu himself and thousands of years later the future Tuthmosis IV cleared it from the engulfing sand with the hope of getting a kingdom. The later Pharaoh had dreamed of the prophecy in his sleep and a stele found between the Sphinx’s paws had confirmed of it coming true. Like most of the Egyptian mysteries, the Sphinx too was surrounded by myths and legends and the Greeks coined its unusual name.
The mysterious Sphinx at the Pyramids of Giza
They named the monument after the legendary creature of Thebes, which had the horrible habit of putting riddles to passers-by and killing those who gave wrong answers. Arabs called it by Abu al-Hol and many myths revolve around the mutilation of its nose and ears. The most popular one was that of Napoleon’s troops, along with several others using it for target practice and many of its parts including the beard ended up in museums across the world. I love the Sphinx and the way it fiercely withheld its secrets from the world throughout centuries. It looked as if the Sphinx thoroughly enjoyed perplexing historians and the shadow of “Monalisa” smile on its expressive face is very enigmatic. I left Egypt the next day and my last memory of the legendary country was that of the Sphinx at the pyramids of Giza complex. Its stare remains etched in my mind forever and the stony guardian deity resounded the lines of Percy Bysshe Shelley’s famous poem “Ozymandius” in my head.
“I met a traveller from an antique land
Who said: Two vast and trunkless legs of stone
Stand in the desert. Near them on the sand,
Half sunk, a shatter’d visage lies, whose frown
And wrinkled lip and sneer of cold command
Tell that its sculptor well those passions read
Which yet survive, stamp’d on these lifeless things,
The hand that mock’d them and the heart that fed.
And on the pedestal these words appear:
“My name is Ozymandias, king of kings:
Look on my works, ye Mighty, and despair!”
Nothing beside remains: round the decay
Of that colossal wreck, boundless and bare,
The lone and level sands stretch far away.”
Shelley’s famous poem sums up the enigma called Egypt in the aptest way and it is true, that no other civilization can ever invoke such mystery. Charismatic, puzzling, and unfathomable, the pyramids of Giza are truly unforgettable.
Pyramids of Giza Travel Guide
The Pyramids of Giza are one of the most impressive places in the world. It is definitely on nearly everyone’s bucket list. However, there are a few things to know before your visit to make the visit more enjoyable.
A bit about the pyramids of Giza
The Pyramid of Khufu or the Pyramid of Cheops is the oldest on the Giza plateau. The Pyramids of Giza complex include three main pyramids (the pyramid of Khufu, the pyramid of Khafre, and the pyramid of Menkaure) along with the Temple of Khafre, the Sphynx, and various smaller structures. The Great Pyramid of Khufu is the largest and oldest of the Seven Wonders of the World. The pyramids of Giza were built around 2500 BC and the Great Pyramid is the only Ancient Wonder to remain largely intact. The pyramids were built as tombs for the pharaohs and inside each pyramid is the “King’s Chamber,” where the sarcophagus was kept. It is possible to enter the Great Pyramid though I would not recommend it to the claustrophobic travelers. The Pyramids of Giza are located in the middle of the bustling Giza city, which is a satellite city of Cairo. In Arabic, the pyramids of Giza are known as Al Haram.
The Pyramids of Giza are located in the Giza province around 30 minutes to one hour from Downtown Cairo depending on traffic. The best way to get to the pyramids is by taxi, Uber, or a guided tour. Make sure to bargain the fare before embarking.
Entrance Fee and Opening Times
The Pyramids of Giza entrance fee is 120 Egyptian pounds per person (about $7.40 USD) and 60LE for students ($3.70 USD). Expect to be paid an extra 300 Egyptian pounds ($18.50 USD) to go inside the Great pyramid. If you are using a tripod, expect to pay an extra 20 LE ($1.20 USD). The Pyramids are open daily from 8 am to 5 pm between October and March, and 7 am to 7 pm between April and September except for public and national holidays.
The best time to visit the Pyramids of Giza
The Pyramids of Giza are best avoided during the summer months. Start your day early to avoid the heat and the crowds. The complex is open from 8 am t0 5 pm, so it is best to reach there at 8 am. Keep at least half a day to explore the pyramids to the fullest.
What to Expect
- Entry Points – There are two points of entry into the Giza Complex. One is near the Great Pyramid of Giza and the other is beside the Sphinx. Travelers arriving by bus will want to use the entry/exit near the Great Pyramid.
- Expect Crowds – Expect lots and lots of crowds especially near the main entrances, though inside the complex you can find many quiet spots.
- Expect to be Hassled – Upon arrival, expect a lot of people coming up offering to “guide”, horse or camel rides. Avoid if possible with a firm but polite no. If you prefer a guide, choose one who takes his time, is polite, and speaks your language fluently. Make sure to agree upon a fee and what is included in it. If you are happy with the service, a tip will be much appreciated.
- Nothing Inside the Pyramid – For those who are expecting exciting things inside the pyramid in the sarcophagus chamber, please know that the inner rooms are completely empty and all the mummies and treasures have been excavated and can be seen at the Egyptian Museum. Think before you start to climb inside the pyramid. Cameras are not allowed inside the pyramid though cellphone photography is allowed.
- Location of the Sphinx – One needs to pass the Pyramid of Khufu and the Eastern Cemetery to arrive at the Sphinx. From the main area, it is possible to photograph the Sphinx from all angles.
The Pyramids of Giza travel tips
- Bring along lots of water. You will get thirsty and avoid buying over-priced bottled water inside the complex.
- Use sunscreen and wear sunglasses and a sunhat.
- Dress modestly and comfortably.
- Carry some wet wipes.
- DO NOT BRING DRONES OR USE THEM IN EGYPT WITHOUT PERMISSION.
- Avoid public display of affection or crazy touristy acts like photographing nude atop the Great Pyramid. Such cases have happened in the past and the revelers have been arrested on indecent act charges.
- Do visit the boat museum inside the complex to see the ancient Egyptian ship used to transport to the afterlife. It was excavated near the Great Pyramid and is now in the boat museum.
- To know about the best photography spots at the Pyramids of Giza complex, check out this detailed post.
- Since the weekends in Egypt fall on Fridays and Saturdays, avoid visiting on those days to skip the crowds.
- Don’t give anyone your ticket, camera, etc. even if they say they work with the government or the police. Be a bit wary of the people inside the complex.
- Expect teens and children wanting to take selfies with you especially if you look exotic or foreign (blonde). Indian ladies, please avoid wearing saris, otherwise, you will be swarmed (learned from my own mistake). Feel free to say no if you start feeling peckish or uncomfortable about it.
- Students need to show their student ID for a discount on ticket prices.
- If you are arriving by taxi or Uber, make sure that your driver drops you at the main entrance.
- It is illegal to climb on top of the pyramids. Breaking this rule is considered to be a serious offense.
- Watch the Sound and Light Show in English that takes place daily at 7 pm from October to April and from 7:30 pm May to September. During Ramadan, the starting time is at 8:30 pm. The ticket prices are Regular: $19, VIP: $23, and CHD: $11. You can book them online.
- Tipping is expected and appreciated.
- The best places to stay to experience the pyramids to the fullest are the Marriot Mena House, Panorama Pyramids Inn, Great Pyramid Inn, Pyramids View Inn, and Royal Pyramids Inn. The Marriot Mena House is the only 5-star hotel that has views of the pyramids.