In the heartland of ancient Armenia, nestled amidst the rugged terrain, lies the archaeological marvel known as the Van Çavuştepe Castle. A realm once ruled by King Sardur of the Kingdom of Van, this historic site recently revealed treasures dating back to an era 2,800 years prior. The excavation led to the discovery of 120 pithoi, remarkable storage vessels, each boasting a capacity of 300 kilograms. They once cradled grains, oil, and wine, the sustenance of the kingdom’s flourishing civilization.
As the archaeologists carefully delved into the soil of Van Çavuştepe, they unveiled pithoi carefully aligned in the ancient storage chambers of the castle. This find not only unveils the grandeur of a bygone era but also whispers tales of ancient Armenian commerce, showcasing a time when agrarian abundance was meticulously stored and possibly traded under the vigilant rule of King Sardur.
Pithoi, the ancient storage urns, were quintessential in preserving the agricultural yield, particularly grains, oil, and wine. Their formidable size and design were suited to keep the contents fresh, facilitating the sustenance and economic vigour of ancient Armenian societies.
The Van Çavuştepe Castle, meticulously built under King Sardur’s reign, was more than a royal residence. It was a stronghold that housed these colossal pithoi, safeguarding the economic lifeline of the Kingdom of Van. The recent excavation reiterates the sophisticated storage system that existed, elucidating the advanced agrarian practices of the time.
The vast array of pithoi unearthed paints a vibrant picture of a society steeped in agrarian practices. The strategic storage of grains, oil, and wine depicts a civilization with a keen understanding of preservation techniques, possibly a bustling trade center of its time.
The historical excavation at Van Çavuştepe Castle unfolds a chapter of ancient Armenian lore, hitherto veiled in time’s obscurity. The discovery of the pithoi sheds light on the economic and agrarian tapestry of the Kingdom of Van, helmed by King Sardur, and the archaeological finesse encapsulates the rich heritage awaiting further exploration.
The 2,800-year-old pithoi discovery is a lens through which historians and archaeologists can now delve deeper into the socio-economic fabric of ancient Armenia, each urn narrating tales of a bygone era of abundance and ingenuity.
Image Source: Šuppiluliuma Nešili History of Urartians