Where is Ramses’s head? Whether Has that missing head been found?

March 15, 2024

Egypt’s Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities announced in a statement that it has found the missing upper half of a statue of Ramses II.© Provided by Deseret News

Egypt’s Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities announced in a statement that it has found the missing upper half of a statue of Ramses II.

It was thanks to a combined effort of both Egypt and the U.S. that allowed archaeologists to find it and discover that it was the missing half of a statue that was found in 1930.

Archaeologists unearth missing half of extraordinary Ramses II statue in Egypt | Euronews

The missing half of Ramses II

The archaeology team was originally looking for evidence of a New Kingdom-era religious complex in Ashmunein (anciently known as Hermopolis), according to Smithsonian Magazine.

It was there that archaeologists stumbled upon the 12.5-foot-tall limestone statue remains of the pharaoh Ramses II, carved with a double crown, a headdress with a cobra and hieroglyphic writings on the back, per Reuters.

It was determined that the hieroglyphs on the statue were phrases glorifying the king. According to Smithsonian Magazine, the hieroglyphs “list Ramses’ many titles, glorifying the king as ‘one of ancient Egypt’s most powerful pharaohs,’ says Bassem Jihad, head of the excavation team, in the statement, per a translation by Reuters.”

Early scans of the statue revealed that it would fit the lower half of a statue found in 1930, in the same location, by German archaeologist Gunther Roeder. When put together, the complete statue would be 23 feet tall, according to Smithsonian Magazine.

Head of the mummy of Ramses II, the ph... Photo | Geo Image Collection

A translation of the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities statement shares that the discovery of this statue of Ramses II signifies that the archaeological site is important.

Adel Okasha, an antiquities official who was part of the dig, told National News, “Though we have not found the complex we were initially looking for, a statue of such importance is a sign that we are digging in the right place.”

Who was Ramses II?

Ramses II lived from 1303 B.C. to 1213 B.C. and is often called Ramses the Great. His 66-year reign as pharaoh of Egypt was considered to be the greatest time of Egyptian history, according to National Geographic.

Ascending the throne at 14, Ramses II created one of the world’s earliest peace treaties and a version of it still survives at the United Nations headquarters.

Ramses II had many other accomplishments in his years as pharaoh. These include having over 100 children, creating the temple at Abu Simbel and housing over 10,000 scrolls in his funerary temple, per National Geographic.

Amazing things About the Great Egyptian Pharaoh Ramesses II

The mummified remains of Ramses II were found in 1881 at a secret royal cache, where they had been moved from the Valley of the Kings, according to History. The remains were taken to France in 1974 to be treated for a fungal infection.

In 2023, scientists revealed a lifelike model of Ramses II’s face from his mummy, according to Newsweek. Using a process known as facial reconstruction, scientists used computer software and the bodily remains to create a model that had “less than 2 millimeters of error,” per Newsweek.

Was Ancient Egyptian Pharaoh Ramesses II Really That Great? | HistoryExtra